Mozambique is situated on the south eastern coast of Africa. In the 1700s, the Portuguese were attracted by rumours of pearls. The capital city of Lourenco Marques was established in the southern reaches of the country. Today it is known as Maputo. It became one of the most stylish cities in Africa, with broad avenues lined with jacaranda and acacia trees, sidewalks paved with mosaics, tall buildings and a unique Mediterranean/African atmosphere that attracted a wealthy cosmopolitan crowd.